Blue Shark – Prionace glauca The “Prionace glauca” is a beautiful shark, with a blueish skin which gives it its common name.The term “glauca” comes from the Latin meaning “blue-gray” or “green.” It is the most distributed shark in the world. Species information. They have been known to frequently swim to inshore areas around oceanic islands, and locations where the continental shelf is narrow. The sharks will feed anytime within a 24-hour period, but are most active in the early evening and at night. The blue shark (Prionace glauca) is a type of requiem shark. Blue sharks give birth to large litters, ranging from as few as four pups to as many as 135. These sleek, elegant sharks have beautiful metallic blue backs which provide brilliant camouflage out in the open ocean. The belly is white. The Blue Shark is a species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae, that inhabits deep waters in the world's temperate and tropical oceans. This is a slender shark with large eyes and a small mouth that lives in temperate and tropical oceans around the world. Blue sharks have long slender bodies and pointed snouts. Blue sharks are found worldwide, in temperate and tropical waters. Blue sharks swim into glass and other smooth surfaces, injuring themselves. Females average from 2.2 to 3.3 m (7.2 to 10.8 ft) in length, weighing 93 to 182 kg (205 to 401 lb). Males reach maturity at the ages of 4–5 years, when they are at the lengths of between 1.8-2.8 metres (6-9.2 feet). Three documented attacks resulted from air or sea disasters. Every species has two Latin names which allow people to be certain they are talking about the same creature no matter what language they speak. The whale shark is the largest fish in the world. In the eastern Atlantic they range from Norway to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. , From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)", International Union for Conservation of Nature, "FLMNH Ichthyology Department:Blue Shark", "Blue Shark - Animal Facts and Information", "Blue Sharks, Prionace Glauca ~ MarineBio.org", BBCNews - Footage of shark which closed New Quay (Wales) beach, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blue_shark&oldid=7097587, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. There are 350 species of sharks in the world. (1998). The blue shark's name comes from its distinct dark blue dorsal surface, and bright blue sides. The blue shark has a slim, smooth-looking body with large eyes, and a long, cone-shaped snout that is longer than the width of its mouth. The shortfin mako shark is a type of mackerel shark that is one of the fastest sharks in the oceans. With an estimated 10 to 20 million individuals caught and killed each year, there is concern not only about what this is doing to Blue shark populations, but also about the effect the removal of such an important predator might have on the oceanic ecosystem. All organisms have scientific names, a name that is unique for each species. Sharks are a large group of animals belonging to the class of cartilaginous fishes. The shark is found worldwide in temperate and tropical waters. , They are very opportunistic when it comes to hunting. The blue shark sometimes circles swimmers or divers for up to fifteen minutes or more. Scientific name: Prionace glauca. Scientific name: Prionace glauca; Size Range: Common length — 35 to at least 380 cmcm; Size limits on takes: Maximum size 150cm; or interdorsal length 60cm max. Because of their attractive coloration and shape, sport fishermen may catch and mount blue sharks to display them. Although blue shark generally swim slowly to conserve energy they are capable of fast bursts of speed when hunting. In the western Pacific they are found from Japan to New Zealand. The Blue Shark (Prionace Glauca) is a shark with blue skin coloring for which they were named from. Blue sharks are known to migrate thousands of miles for food and for mating. Fun Fact: Blue shark females bear bite scars because the mating ritual involves the male biting the female. However, most are smaller; males measure 3.4 to 4.0 m (11 to 13 ft), and females measure 4.6 to 4.9 m (15 to 16 ft) on average. A baby shark is referred to as a pup. Blue sharks are one of the most important species in the international shark-fin trade. In temperate regions, they may be found offshore, but in tropical waters, they have to swim deeper to seek a comfortable temperature. Sharks are born in three different ways. Soon after death their blue coloration fades to dark gray. Interesting Bull Shark Facts (Carcharhinus leucas), Harp Seal Facts (Pagophilus groenlandicus), Sea Dragon Facts: Diet, Habitat, Reproduction, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T39381A10222811.en, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College, Distinguishing Features: Slender shark with a long snout, blue coloring on top, and white underside, Habitat: Worldwide in deep water of tropic and temperate oceans. Like other requiem sharks, blue sharks do not do well in captivity. The Blue Shark is usually found in water of 12 degrees C to 20 degrees C, and is recorded from the surface to a depth of 350 m. Distribution It is the most wide-ranging shark species, being recorded in all tropical and temperate seas, from 50 degrees north to 40 degrees south. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. Male sharks mature by four or five years of age, while females mature at five to six years of age. The blue shark (Prionace glauca) is a species of requiem shark. It is erroneous to assume that all sharks are large predators. Blue Shark Common Name: Blue Shark Scientific Name: Prionace glauca Description. , Predators of the blue shark include the California sea lion and larger sharks such as the Shortfin mako shark, and the Great white shark. To address all of the fishery’s environmental challenges necessary to achieve a level of performance consistent with an unconditional pass of the Marine Stewardship Council Fisheries Standard for target species blue shark (Prionace glauca) and swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in Atlantic Ocean (North and South stocks) by December 2024. Most commercially caught blue sharks are considered bycatch. Argentine Angel Sha... Atlantic sharpnose ... Australian blacktip... Basking shark. It is one of the most easily recognizable sharks because of their distinct blue coloration – a combination of deep indigo and vibrant blue. About Blue Devil 1. It's easy to see where the Blue Shark got its name from. However, their meat, while eaten in a few countries, is not very popular. The shark's dermal denticles (scales) are small and overlap, making the animal's skin smooth to the touch. Category. This refers to their sharp and serrated triangular teeth, which are used for gripping hold of slippery prey, such as fish and squid. Megalodon Scientific Name . Blue sharks have long slender bodies and pointed snouts. Carcharhiniformes (requiem sharks) - anal fin, 5 gill slits, 2 dorsal fins, no fin spines, mouth behind the eyes, nictitating eyelids - - ground sharks, including catsharks, swellsharks, shysharks, houndsharks, weasel sharks, requiem and hammerhead sharks. With megalodon teeth reaching beyond 6 inches in length, discoveries of megalodon teeth in the middle ages were often thought to be dragons or other mythical creatures. The Blue Shark is a species of shark found almost everywhere in the world and is the most widely distributed shark species. Scientific Name: Prionace glauca Common Name: Blue Shark Length: Up to 10-12 feet Coloring: Blue top, white bottom Fins: 2 pectoral fins, 2 dorsal fins, 2 pelvic fins, 1 caudle fin, 1 anual fin Wow Fact! Females mature at slightly older ages from 5–6 years, when they are at the lengths of between 2.2-3.2 metres (7.2-10.5 feet). The Blue Shark is usually found in water of 12 degrees C to 20 degrees C, and is recorded from the surface to a depth of 350 m. Distribution It is the most wide-ranging shark species, being recorded in all tropical and temperate seas, from 50 degrees north to 40 degrees south. It is a sleek shark with long, pointed fins, a pointed snout, and large eyes. They are known to swim in water with the temperature of 21 °C (70 °F) or greater. A baby shark is referred to as a pup. Although it depends on the type of shark, sharks can have up to 100 babies at once. Category. Cyclops sharks have been documented by scientists a few times before, also as embryos, said Jim Gelsleichter, a shark biologist at the University of North Florida in Jacksonville. The “Prionace glauca” is a beautiful shark, with a blueish skin which gives it its common name. About Blue Devil 1. This type of adaption makes it easy for them to be able to find food. The salmon, mackerel, and sardine fisheries are affected by Blue shark predation on catches, and entanglement in nets. They are often referred to as the "Wolves of the Sea" due to the complex levels of hierarchy that they form within their groups which highly reflects the behaviour of wolves. Sharks lay eggs that then hatch, carry eggs that hatch inside them or grow pups inside them. This page was last changed on 5 September 2020, at 00:03. They have the ability to quickly move. The belly is white. Prionace glauca, blue shark [English], requin bleu [French], tiburón azul [Spanish] Author(s)/Editor(s): Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al. Scientific name: Isurus oxyrinchus; Size Range: Common length — 70–400cm; Size limits on takes: Maximum size 150cm; or interdorsal length 60cm max. It is located closer to the pelvic fins than to the pectoral fins. This species of shark often is not found alone. They have been known to feed on almost anything that they can find, including prey items which they can find in large numbers such as shrimp. Predators of blue sharks include killer whales (Orcinus orca) and larger sharks, such as the white shark (Carcharadon carcharias) and shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus).
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